Report on Trucking, Hashish Finds Most Drivers Help Testing Reform


The impacts of hashish legalization on the trucking trade, particularly the recent decline in drivers as a result of strict guidelines on drug use on drug testing, are already well-documented. Nonetheless, a brand new report from the American Transportation Analysis Institute (ATRI) dives in even additional.

The report titled, “Impacts of Marijuana Legalization on the Trucking Trade” takes a better have a look at the newest demographic developments in hashish legalization, critiques analysis and information surrounding freeway security and hashish use, summarizes workforce and hiring implications for the trucking trade and analyzes publicly out there CDL driver drug check information. 

It additionally takes a better have a look at truck driver and service opinions on hashish — discovering that almost all of each help a change within the present drug testing insurance policies — together with an evaluation of hashish insurance policies imposed upon drivers, detailed drug testing information, a better have a look at analysis on hashish, highway security, and way more.

Driver Scarcity and Hashish Legalization

The ATRI launched its first analysis publication on the impression of hashish legalization on the trucking trade in 2019. Citing the various extra jurisdictions which have since legalized or decriminalized hashish, ATRI’s Analysis Advisory Committee voted final yr to conduct analysis and revisit the subject.

To function massive vehicles, drivers are required to own a industrial driver’s license, and within the trucking trade particularly, present federal regulation requires these with industrial licenses to abstain from utilizing hashish or threat termination. In accordance with the report and the Federal Motor Provider Security Administration, greater than half of all optimistic trucking trade drug exams are for hashish metabolite. 

Ought to a driver check optimistic, they’re faraway from the trade till they full a collection of remedial steps. Drug and Alcohol Clearinghouse information signifies that greater than 100,000 drivers examined optimistic and have been faraway from responsibility between 2020 and 2022.

“With a nationwide driver scarcity that fluctuated between 65,000 and 80,000 in recent times, these optimistic exams impression the trade,” the report says.

The report notes that federal prohibition “has been highlighted as a possible disincentive for drivers to remain within the trade, and it has even been argued that loosening the restrictions on marijuana use would make the trade extra enticing and widen the potential labor pool.”

Invaluable Insights on Hashish Opinions within the Trucking Trade

The 61-page report is overflowing with data on hashish and trucking, together with figures on the rise of truckers residing in leisure hashish states between 2019 and 2023 (18.5% versus 41.1% respectively), latest hashish highway security analysis, federal necessities all through the trade, a have a look at the final decade of drug testing information, and extra. 

Among the many highlights are survey outcomes surrounding driver and service opinions on hashish. A majority of carriers (56.3%) mentioned they’d be keen to rent a driver with a previous optimistic hashish check, although greater than half (54.8%) of that group mentioned a particular time period would wish to go first. The commonest increment of time reported was 5 years (37%).

Nearly all of carriers (60.1%) additionally reported that there had been a noticeable improve in optimistic pre-employment exams or walk-outs over the previous 5 years, and of those that observed a rise, almost half (45.5%) indicated that no explicit age group was extra more likely to check optimistic. In any other case, essentially the most continuously chosen age group was 26-35 years outdated (27.6%).

Most carriers (62%) mentioned that modifications in federal drug testing coverage are wanted and {that a} hashish impairment check ought to exchange a hashish use check (65.4%). Whereas carriers largely acknowledged that the present mannequin is flawed, most (40.9%) have been nonetheless “extraordinarily involved” about impaired driving on account of hashish legalization.

Most drivers (55.4%) mentioned that they believed freeway security had not been impacted by legalized hashish use, and 65% mentioned {that a} hashish impairment check ought to exchange a hashish use check.

The driving force survey additionally included a textual content field, the place drivers might present any remaining feedback surrounding leisure hashish. Most feedback fell into two classes: these supporting a loosening of hashish testing and legal guidelines (72.4%) and feedback supporting the established order (27.6%).

The Path Ahead

The report says that there are two pathways the federal authorities can take sooner or later with hashish, and each current challenges for the trucking trade.

Ought to it preserve federal prohibition, “the trucking trade will proceed to have hundreds of drivers yearly positioned in prohibited standing and can lose many others to occupations that don’t check for marijuana use,” the report mentioned. ATRI says that firms can proceed to implement zero-tolerance insurance policies and maintaining the established order might assist resolve disputes from conflicting state and federal insurance policies.

The report additionally states, “Any shift towards federal legalization would possible ease strain on the trade’s driver scarcity.”

“The central purpose of trade drug testing efforts is freeway security. The present strategy helps security efforts, but in addition ends in inefficiencies when drivers that don’t current a security subject are faraway from the trade,” it says, including that the trucking trade should take a number of actions to make sure security and an absence of impairment earlier than federal efforts to legalize hashish come to fruition.

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